Sports Concussion Management Center
Healthplex® Sports Medicine Institute
Healthplex Pavilion 1, Suite 110
196 W. Sproul Rd.
Springfield, PA 19064
To learn more or schedule an appointment, visit http://sportsmed.crozerkeystone.org or call 610-328-8830.
What is a concussion?
A concussion is a “jarring” brain injury that is caused by a bump or blow to the head that causes headache, dizziness or any of the symptoms listed below. You do not need to lose consciousness to have a concussion. Even though the bump or blow may seem mild, a concussion can be a serious medical problem.
What are the signs and symptoms of a concussion?
Sometimes, concussion symptoms are present right away. However, it could take days or even weeks after the injury for symptoms to show up. The key is to observe your child; if you see or they report any of the signs or symptoms listed below, seek medical attention right away.
Signs that can be observed by a parent or guardian (following a bump or blow to the head):
- Appears dazed or stunned
- Is confused about an assignment or position
- Forgets an instruction
- Is unsure of the game, score or opponent
- Moves clumsily
- Answers questions slowly
- Loses consciousness (even briefly)
- Shows behavior or personality changes
- Can’t recall events prior to the hit or fall
- Can’t recall events after the hit or fall
Symptoms reported by the athlete:
- Headache or “pressure” in the head
- Nausea or vomiting
- Balance problems or dizziness
- Double or blurry vision
- Sensitivity to light
- Sensitivity to noise
- Feeling sluggish, hazy, foggy or groggy
- Concentration or memory problems
- Does not “feel right”
Reprinted from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Most people have symptoms that resolve within a week, but they can last as little as a few minutes to as long as a year or more.
What should you do if you think your child has a concussion?
Seek medical attention right away. A physician who is trained in the evaluation and management of concussion can determine how serious the injury is, what steps need to be taken, and when your child can return to play.
If my child participates in sports, should he or she have baseline testing? If so, why? What is post-concussion testing?
Every child who participates in organized sports should have preseason baseline testing done, including:
- A physical evaluation by a sports medicine physician, including a detailed medical history.
- ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) neuropsychological testing. ImPACT is a computerized system that is used to evaluate and manage sports concussions. Specially trained staff use the tool to measure a player’s symptoms, verbal and visual memory, processing speed and reaction time.
- Baseline preseason ImPACT testing can be used for return to play should the athlete sustain a concussion.
Should your child experience a concussion, our specialists will perform a complete examination, including ImPACT testing to help guide safe return-to-play decisions.