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Taylor Hospital 1910-2010 The Evolution of Nursing

Historical accounts identify Linda Richards as the first professionally trained nurse in America and a pioneer in her field. Thirty-seven years after Richards’ graduation from nursing training school, Katherine Manly Taylor, R.N., co-founded Taylor Hospital with her husband, Horace Furness Taylor, M.D.

Mrs. Taylor was considered a pioneer in her own right. In 1910, when Taylor Hospital was founded, Mrs. Taylor established a nursing school — the Taylor Hospital Training School. She remained actively involved during the school’s entire 24 years of existence, serving as its director.

At the turn of the 20th century, nurses performed some clinical tasks, but were mostly relegated to care that included giving baths, administering medications, sterilizing equipment, and general housekeeping duties such as washing and folding linens. Things have certainly changed over the last 100 years.

Today, nursing is a highly specialized field. Those who pursue nursing as a profession can become registered nurses (R.N.), advanced practical nurses (A.P.N.), certified nurse anesthetists (C.R.N.A.), and nurse practitioners (N.P.), among others. Nurses have a wide variety of choices with regard to clinical disciplines; some options include oncology, wound care, medical/surgical, cardiac and much more. Nurses are also integrally involved in case management, home care and the disease management process.

Understanding the critical role that nurses play in the delivery of healthcare services, Crozer-Keystone Health System began working toward Magnet Designation® in 2007. Magnet is the highest level of recognition that an organization can achieve for excellence and innovation in nursing. The health system’s goal is to make a formal application in early 2011.

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