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Interventional Treatment for Cardiovascular Problems

Interventional cardiology procedures use X-rays and small wires to fix heart abnormalities. Carotid artery disease, peripheral artery disease and abdominal aortic aneurysm can be successfully treated with interventional procedures—which offer shorter recovery periods, minimize scarring and lessen the risk of infection.

While the field of interventional cardiology is not new, the procedures offered within it are constantly evolving. Healthcare providers continually look for newer technologies and techniques to provide the most up-to-date care for their patients.

Peripheral Artery Disease

Peripheral artery disease is characterized by the buildup of plaque that narrows the arteries in the legs or calves. Poor circulation will make the extremity feel colder, and it may also feel numb. Patients with vascular disease can also benefit from the expertise of vascular surgeons. Visit the Find a Provider page find a Crozer-Keystone vascular surgeon.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm (AAA)

The aorta is the largest artery that carries blood throughout the body. Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm, or AAA (“triple A”) happens when the aorta becomes very enlarged. If it ruptures, it can be life-threatening.

Interventional Procedures

Using procedures such as catheterization, Crozer-Keystone’s interventional cardiologists can place stents into blocked arteries to help restore blood flow and prevent heart attack, stroke, angina or AAA.


With the help of X-ray guidance, doctors can access a patient’s arteries using catheters and wires that are inserted through a small incision in the wrist, or sometimes in the arm or groin. General anesthesia is not required and a patient doesn’t need to spend multiple days in the hospital.


Using catheterization, arteries are reopened by inflating a tiny balloon at the site of the blockage (“angioplasty”). Sometimes a stent, which is shaped like a tiny tube, is inserted to maintain the passageway. With triple-A, the aneurysm shrinks onto the stent.

Related Health Library Content

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    Cardiac catheterization is a procedure in which a catheter is moved through a blood vessel to the heart in order to better diagnose coronary heart disease, valvular heart disease, congestive heart failure and other heart conditions.

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    Cardiac catheterization procedure can diagnose a variety of heart conditions and determine the health of your coronary arteries, heart valves, and heart muscle. View this video to learn what happens during this procedure and various treatment options.