Foot and Ankle Care: What You Should Know to Stay on Your Feet
Foot and ankle injuries are among the most common orthopedic injuries. After all, most of us, especially athletes, put a tremendous amount of strain on our feet and ankles every day.
Listed below are some of the most common injuries to our feet and ankles, and how we can treat these injuries so that we can return to normal activity. According to the American College of Orthopedic Surgeons, the following conditions are common to feet and ankles:
Plantar Fasciitis: a common condition that causes heel pain. Plantar fasciitis is due to irritation and inflammation of the tight tissue that forms the arch of the foot. Common symptoms of plantar fasciitis include heel pain with prolonged walking and standing.
Heel Spur: a condition that is closely related to plantar fasciitis. A heel spur is a hook of bone that forms where the plantar fascia attaches to the heel bone.
Ankle Sprain: results when the ligaments of the foot are either stretched too far or tear due to the injury. Treatment of an ankle sprain is important so that you can get back to activity quickly.
High Ankle Sprain: a term used to describe an injury to the ligaments that connect the two bones of the lower leg. The ligament, called a syndesmosis, joins the bones together and runs from the knee to the ankle. In a high ankle sprain, the syndesmosis is injured.
Achilles Tendonitis & Rupture: Achilles tendonitis causes pain at the back of the calf, and may result in a rupture of the Achilles tendon in severe cases.
Posterior Tibial Tendonitis: an uncommon problem of one of the major tendons in the foot. Problems with this tendon can be debilitating.
Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome: a pinched nerve in the back of the foot.
Lederhose's Disease: a condition that causes the formation of nodules within the feet. These nodules may be painful bumps on the sole of the foot.
Some of these common conditions can be treated with stretching, exercises and other forms of physical therapy. Sprains to the feet and ankles may require a cast or splint to keep them from moving. Surgical treatment options are usually recommended for certain conditions, when conservative measures fail, or when the condition is emergent.
For more information on podiatry or orthopedic services, or for referral to a Crozer-Keystone podiatrist or orthopedic surgeon, call 1-877-CK-MOTION (1-877-256-6846) or visit http://ckhshmi.crozer.org.