The following information is presented to provide the student with the plan of clinical education. Because the information spans the entire clinical process of the two year program, it may seem overwhelming upon first reading the information. The staff of the radiography program will meet with students both as individuals and as a group to reinforce and guide you through this process. Class meetings are set up at the beginning of each semester to review coming objective and requirement of clinical education
We encourage you to refer to this section of the student handbook frequently. Additionally, please do not hesitate to meet with any faculty member if questions or concerns arise.
The clinical education portion of the program provides a means for the student to acquire the skills necessary to perform the duties of an entry-level technologist. The purpose of clinical assignments is to allow the student opportunity to apply theoretical principles of radiography, patient care and department procedures to practical experience. The student will have the status of learner and will not replace department personnel. Didactic education corresponds with and is coordinated with clinical education schedules. Combined clinical and didactic education times never exceed 8 hours per day or 40 hours per week.
Clinical Education Settings
Clinical Education is scheduled at both of the main sites The Crozer-Chester Medical Center (CCMC) in Upland and Delaware County Memorial Hospital (DCMH) in Drexel Hill, PA. In additional students go to Media Medical Imaging in Media, PA, Crozer Medical Plaza at Brinton Lake in Glen Mills, PA and Springfield Hospital, in Springfield, PA. All of these facilities are members of the Crozer-Keystone Health System.
Students are also required to complete a one-week pediatric observation only, rotation at the AI DuPont Institute for Children, in Wilmington, DE (4 hours in each are: Orthopedic-Out Patient, In Patient, Operating Room, Emergency Room modality.
Clinical hours are as follows:
|CCMC Clinical Facility
||8:00am until 4:00pm
|DCMH Clinical Facility
||8:00am until 4:00pm
|Media Medical Imaging
||8:00am until 4:00pm
||8:00am until 4:00pm
|Brinton Lake Imaging
||8:00am until 4:00pm
Assigned times are noted on the student clinical schedules distributed at the beginning of each semester. Students are expected to check in and check out with a school faculty member, or in the absence of a school faculty member, the lead technologies or chief technologist assigned to the clinical area.
Students are assigned a 45 minute lunch when assigned to the clinical area. Students who are scheduled off for 3 or more hours will not take a lunch break, but rather a 15-minute break.
*ANY SCHEDULED CLINICAL TIME-OFF: THE STUDENT MUST BE PRESENT FOR AT LEAST HALF THE CLINICAL ROTATION IN ORDER TO HAVE AN EVALUATION FILLED OUT BY STAFF.
** MISSED CLINICAL ROTATIONS THAT PROHIBIT AN EVALUATION MUST BE MADE-UP UPON COMPLETION OF THE 4TH SEMESTER.
Clinical Education Plan
Semester I – Orientation Phase
This phase introduces the student to the radiology department; focusing mainly on getting the student acclimated to the functionality of the radiology department. Clinical instructors demonstrate use of equipment and performance of radiologic procedure. Students are given objectives, evaluation and competency tests to complete during this phase of clinical education.
Semester II - Assistance Phase
This stage of clinical education requires that students increase their level of activity in the radiology department by assisting the technologist in the performance of studies. Students are applying learned skills to actual patient care situations by beginning to perform radiologic studies under the direct supervision of the staff radiographer. Students are give objectives, evaluations and competency tests to complete during this second phase of clinical education.
Semester III – Performance Phase
This stage of clinical education expects that the student will be performing most radiologic studies either under the direct or indirect supervision of the staff radiographer, depending on proof of clinical competency. Students are exercising independent judgment and are completing requirements necessary to begin the last phase of clinical education. Students are given objectives, evaluations and competency test to complete during this third phase of clinical education.
Semester IV – Final Competency Phase
This phase of the clinical education process finds the student having completed competency tests for all categories of radiologic studies, performing independently in the radiology department under the indirect supervision of a staff radiographer. Students must complete requirements for final competency, which is a re-affirmation of the students’ competency. Students are given objectives and evaluation in addition to the final competency tests. Students must satisfactorily complete a critical thinking & problem solving mock scenario. The students will be given specific circumstances in which they must adopt to complete the case.
- Taught, learned and assessed in Semester 1.
- Re-assessed during the Semester II, Semester III and Semester IV.
The student must demonstrate competency in this use of radiographic equipment before beginning to perform any radiographic procedure. This is accomplished in the following way:
- Clinical instructors demonstrate the use of the radiographic equipment located in the assigned room, using equipment competency check lists which are distributed to all the students.
- Students are required to practice using and moving radiographic equipment, when the room is vacant.
- Students must perform all items on the equipment competency checklist in order to be considered competent in the use of radiographic equipment.
- Students failing to perform all items on the competency checklist will meet with a clinical instructor. The clinical instructor will re-demonstrate the equipment with emphasis on areas of deficiency. Students will be given subsequent opportunities to demonstrate competency in the use of radiographic equipment during the first semester.
- Distributed, assessed and achieved in Semester I, II, III and IV.
Clinical objectives are distributed for each room assignment in the first semester. Additionally, clinical objectives are posted in each room. Students are expected to complete each objective listed during the one week clinical room assignment in this semester.
Students will demonstrate completion of each clinical assignment objective using the Clinical Objective Check Sheet. The student will give the check sheet to their assignment staff radiographer. The staff radiographer will complete the check sheet indicate in completion of each objective.
- Distributed and assessed in Semesters I, II, III, and IV
Staff radiographers, at the end of each scheduled room assignment, evaluate students. The evaluations are used to demonstrate the student’s cognitive, affective and psychomotor performance in the clinical area. Evaluations correlate with the objectives and expectation for the first semester, specifically, the students progress through the orientation phase of the clinical education plan.
The student will give their evaluation to their assigned staff radiographer. The staff radiographer will assess the student’s performance during the clinical rotation.
Students must score a minimum grade of 85 on each clinical evaluation.
Students failing to score a minimum of 85 on an evaluation MUST redo the clinical assignment over again to prove competency.
- Taught, Learned and Assessed in the following semesters: Semesters I and II
Clinical labs correlate with the Radiographic Procedures I & II classes. Upon completion of classroom instruction of a specific radiographic procedure, clinical instructors correlate the information with a clinical lab. The following outlines the procedure for clinical correlation:
A specific radiographic procedure is taught in the classroom. As an example: Chest Radiography Lecture
A clinical demonstration lab is presented to the class, by a clinical instructor, within two school days of the lecture. The demonstration lab takes place in a radiographic room in the CCMC or DCMH department of radiology. As an example Chest Radiography Demonstration Lab follows Chest Radiography Lecture.
Students are given printed step-by-step procedures indicating the correct way to perform the procedure. Students are expected to take notes in their clinical books during the demonstration lab.
Students are encouraged to work with a clinical instructor as a follow up if needed. Please see any instructor to schedule a session.
Clinical Unit Tests
Unit tests are scheduled as a follow up to clinical labs. Using the printed step-by-step procedure as the testing form, the student meets with a clinical instructor, during a scheduled unit test. At this time the student will simulate the performance of the radiographic procedures. As an example: Chest Radiography Unit Test.
Students must complete all Radiographic Procedure Unit Tests with a minimum score of 85.
Students who do not score a minimum grade of 85, for any radiographic procedure on the unit test will re-test the procedure(s), to prove competency.
If the student doesn't receive 85% competency on a retest they must write out the failed viewed criteria according to the lab notes and retest to achieve clinical competency.
Achieving less than an 85% average on the entire unit test requires the student to perform each failed view at a minimum of 85% competency. In addition, the student must complete the corresponding unit in the Merrill's workbook.
As with didactic unit tests, clinical unit tests assure continued proficiency in a content area.
- Distributed and Assessed in the following semesters: Semesters I, II and III
- Reassessed in the following semester: Semester IV
Competency testing is used to demonstrate that the student has achieved mastery of a radiographic procedure. Competency testing allows the student to move from direct clinical supervision to indirect clinical supervision. Competency testing is performed on actual patients in the department of radiography. Competency testing must be performed in the presence of a clinical instructor or staff radiographer.
A copy of the testing tool used to document clinical competency is distributed to all students. Students must document completion of the following before attempting a clinical competency test: lecture, demonstration lab and practice.
The student will perform twelve (12) competency tests in the first semester, thirteen (13) competency tests in the second semester, and twelve (13) competency tests in the third semester and two (2) competency tests in the fourth semester.
Final competency testing is performed in the last semester of the program. Final competency testing is a reaffirmation of the student's competence. A list of required final competency exams is distributed to all students.